STRAIGHTENING THE SUFISM TEACHING (A Solution for Massiv Movement of the Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia)

Elmansyah Elmansyah

Abstract


This article aims to offer an alternative solution in overcoming the rise of Islamic radicalism movements in Indonesia. With regard to the particular aspects, Sufism is strongly needed. In Indonesia, Sufis are the earliest teachers who succeeded in transforming people that were originally non-Muslim to be Muslims. Sufis have their own strategies that other groups do not. One of them is the method of da’wa which humanizes people: by focusing more on the haqi>qa (essence) than shari'a (yurisprudence); more contextual than textual; and, more universal than partial. This is in contrast with Islamic radicalism movements that are only focusing more on shari'a, textual, partial and symbolic. The main objective of the movement is to make Indonesia as an Islamic State according to their version. This kind of Islamic movement can divide the unity of the nation which has been done by founders of the nation, since 1945. Thus, Islamic radicalism movements are a common threat that must be overcome. Through the approach of sociology of religion, this article will explain the teachings of tas}awwuf in an attempt to fight against the Islamic radicalism movement.

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